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Guinea Pigs and Carrots: Everything You Want to Know

You know your guinea pig needs many types of foods as part of a well-rounded diet. 

They need commercial food like pellets, plenty of hay, and a smattering of fresh fruits and vegetables to be as healthy as possible. 

The question is, what fresh vegetables are safe for them to eat? 

Are carrots a good option for your cavies? 

Guinea pigs will love having fresh carrots, and carrot tops a couple of times per week. They should not be given carrots daily as it can lead to too many vitamins, too much sugar, and ultimately digestive upset. Stick with fresh carrots for the best results. 

If you want to give your guinea pig more variety in their diet, here is what you need to know about carrots. 

can i feed my guinea pig carrots

Nutritional Value Of Fresh Carrots Per 100g

Protein0.9 g
Carbs9.6 g
Sugar4.7 g
Fiber2.8 g
Fat0.2 g
Vitamin A341% of human daily diet
Calcium2.3% of human daily diet
Iron1.9% of human daily diet

Source: HealthlineNutritionix

Why Should Guinea Pigs Eat Carrots In Moderation?

Many of us are conditioned to believe in the nutritional value of carrots, and it is true to some extent. 

Baby carrots are a great source of vitamin A to add to your guinea pig’s diet. 

Vitamin A is necessary to help them maintain their eyesight, assume proper growth, and reproduce. 

Even if you don’t plan to breed your cavies, vitamin A is still an important component of their health. 

Unfortunately, too much vitamin A can cause problems for your piggies. 

You don’t want to overdo it on any one vitamin or mineral. You’ll know it’s too much when your guinea pig leaves a puddle of pink urine.

Carrots are also a great source of vitamin C. 

Guinea pigs are unable to manufacture their vitamin C within their bodies. 

This is why it is so important to supplement their diet with plenty of foods containing this ingredient. 

They can consume guinea pig food like pellets with this additive, or eat fresh fruits and vegetables. 

This is another instance where your guinea pig may have too much of a good thing, though. 

They need vitamin C as part of a balanced diet, but too much of this vitamin spells trouble. 

It can lead to the development of kidney stones and bladder stones, as well as poor growth. 

If your piggie already has arthritis, too much vitamin C can worsen their condition and cause them more pain. 

As you might imagine, all of these issues lead to expensive veterinary bills and pain for your furry friend. 

Perhaps the most important reason to limit carrot intake is because of the natural sugars this veggie contains. 

The carrot plant is naturally high in carbohydrates and sugars. 

In turn, these excess sugars can lead to digestive upset. 

Your guinea pig may experience abdominal gas, diarrhea, and ultimately dehydration due to having too much sugar in their diet.

Too much sugar also leads to diabetes, obesity, and tooth decay. 

All of these symptoms are problematic for your small pet.  

As seen here, carrots have some wonderful attributes which deserve a place in your guinea pig’s diet. 

However, too much of a good thing can spell problems for the health of your cavies. 

This is why carrots should be limited in the diet instead of given daily. 

What Types of Carrots Can My Guinea Pig Have?

Any type of natural carrot is perfectly fine for your pets. 

This includes baby carrots or whole carrots cut into smaller 2″-inch pieces. 

However, this is the only safe way to add these foods into the diet. 

Canned carrots might be more convenient for you as they rarely go bad as fresh fruits and veggies do. 

Unfortunately, canned carrots are extremely bad for the health of your guinea pigs. 

They are high in preservatives which is why they are shelf-stable for such a long period. 

They may also have fats, sugars, and additives to enhance their flavor. 

While this is fine for humans, it is bad for your cavies. 

Cooked carrots are another option to consider for their diet. 

If you had some carrots cooked with your dinner, you might want to share some of your meal with your guinea pigs, but this should be avoided. 

Their digestive system is not accustomed to processing cooked food. 

They need all of their fruits and vegetables given to them raw. 

Otherwise, cooked carrots can lead to digestive upset and some short-term problems with their health. 

Many owners also want to know if they can use frozen carrots to make the treat last longer. 

They may want to feed frozen carrots because they believe it is good for the teeth to chew on something so hard for a little while. 

However, this should always be avoided.

Frozen food of all types is too hard on the teeth and should not be given guinea pig food. 

Frozen fruits and vegetables need to be run under warm water or thawed on the counter before slipping them to your piggies. 

Be aware frozen food may not be as good for them as fresh food. 

Often, they lose valuable nutrients during the freezing process. 

They are also often soggy or soft once they are defrosted. 

Your guinea pig will love crunchy, fresh carrots, but they may not enjoy softer frozen foods. 

Some people wonder about feeding their guinea pig the whole carrot, including the carrot tops. 

If you want to toss your pet the full carrot, feel free to do so. 

Most of them will love the leafy greens found atop this orange vegetable. 

Not to mention, the greens are extremely healthy for your guinea pigs. 

They are high in vitamin C, calcium, and potassium. 

Can Guinea Pigs Eat Carrot Skin? 

Another question people have about feeding their guinea pigs carrots is whether they can eat the carrot skin. 

Have no fear; it is extremely easy to feed your cavies carrots. 

They can indeed consume the skin of this vegetable. 

The only reason to remove the skin from the carrot is if it has been treated with pesticides.

If you are unsure whether the carrot has been treated, remove the skin preemptively to ensure your guinea pig does not eat anything harmful. 

Alternatively, scrubbing and washing the vegetable first might be all you need to do.

Whenever possible, choose organic carrots, so you don’t have to worry about pesticides on your guinea pig’s foods. 

How Many Carrots Should You Give Guinea Pigs? 

Their daily diet should not have carrots in it, but once or twice a week is fine. 

However, this does not mean you need to fill up their fresh food dish with carrots. 

Instead, they should be part of a balanced diet to maximize your guinea pig’s health. 

You will be surprised to learn how many carrots your cavies can safely consume. 

Most experts recommend giving them no more than two baby carrots at a time. 

If you want to use a whole carrot, it should be one medium-sized vegetable chopped into smaller 2″-inch pieces. 

How Much Fresh Food Should My Guinea Pig Eat? 

Perhaps the most expensive part of feeding your beloved guinea pig is the fresh fruit and veggies they need daily. 

It is recommended to give them about one cup of fresh food daily, adding up over the week. 

Many people wonder exactly what fresh vegetables their cavies can safely consume. 

The good news is they can eat many different foods depending on what is currently found in your fridge. 

The majority of their fresh food dish should be filled with leafy greens. 

They love: 

  • Romaine lettuce 
  • Red and green lettuce leaves 
  • Kale
  • Cilantro 
  • Parsley

Further reading: Did you know guinea pigs should not consume iceberg lettuce?

When you feed them these greens as part of a balanced diet, they will be as healthy as possible. 

They can have fruit, but it should be given in much smaller quantities due to the sugar content. 

A good rule of thumb is to have 3/4 cup of fresh green veggies like green leaf lettuce and 1/4 cup of fresh fruits daily. 

Of course, it is also important to make sure they are getting enough vitamin C in their diet. 

Every couple of days, you need to add veggies high in vitamin C, such as broccoli and different color bell peppers. 

Many owners wonder about other fruits and veggies their cavies can have. 

How do carrots factor into the fresh foods your guinea pig should be eating? 

Baby carrots are an inexpensive veggie to pick up at the grocery store, and many people want to slip a few of these crunchy treats to their furry friends. 

However, you need to exercise caution with carrots, both baby and original. 

Carrots should be viewed as treats they can have once or twice per week. 

They are good for your guinea pig when fed in moderation. 

Any type of carrot or carrot tops is easily incorporated into a well-rounded diet.

Check out our large list of foods guinea pigs can eat.

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